The Squares of Ljubljana


The Prešernov trg square


An aerial view of the Kongresni trg square


The Pogačarjev trg square, a part of Ljubljana's Central Market, with the Cathedral and Ljubljana Castle in the background

Squares have since ever had an important role in the history of Ljubljana. In the Middle Ages they represented the centres of different parts of the city located inside and outside the city wall. Also street life in the present old city centre is concentrated in and around the squares of Stari trg (Old Square), Mestni trg (Town Square) and Gornji trg (Upper Square), which were at the foot of the castle hill built in the Middle Ages.

The political, cultural and, to an extent, business centre of the present Ljubljana and Slovenia is the square of Trg republike (Republic Square), designed by architect Edvard Ravnikar. Its role was previously played by the square of Kongresni trg (Congress Square), where the buildings of the University of Ljubljana, the Slovenian Philharmonic and the Ursuline Church were built. The present centre of Ljubljana's street life is the square of Prešernov trg (Prešeren Square), where the monument to the greatest Slovenian poet, France Prešeren, and numerous Art Nouveau buildings are located.

A walk through the main squares of Ljubljana thus reveals practically all the important periods and artistic styles in the city's history. The medieval and baroque periods are reflected in the Mestni trg, Stari trg and Gornji trg squares, the period of Art Nouveau in the square of Slovenski trg (Slovenian Square), which was along with Miklošič Park designed by architect Maks Fabiani, and the work of the famous 20th century architect Jože Plečnik in the squares of Vodnikov trg (Vodnik Square), where Ljubljana's central open air market is located, and Trg francoske revolucije (French Republic Square), to mention just a few most illustrative examples.

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