20th Century Ljubljana


The Skyscraper with Ljubljana Castle in the background


The Cankarjev dom cultural and congress centre, a work by architect Edvard Ravnikar


The National Gallery building

The very beginning of the 20th century in Ljubljana was marked by numerous Art Nouveau creations. (For more information see the section Art Nouveau Ljubljana.) A few years later, it was the famous Ljubljana-born European architect Jože Plečnik whose personal touch left an indelible mark on the city's architectural appearance. (For more information on Plečnik's work see the section Architect Plečnik's Ljubljana.)

In 1933, still in Plečnik's era, the Skyscraper (Nebotičnik) was built according to the plans by architect Vladimir Šubic. The 70-metre high building constructed on the model of American skyscrapers of the time remained the symbol of Ljubljana for several decades.

The appearance of Ljubljana was later mainly transformed by Plečnik's former students, who were dedicated to the new modernist approaches. The most outstanding among them was Edvard Ravnikar, who, among other things, designed the Trg republike square. Being the site of the Slovenian Parliament building and the Cankarjev dom cultural and congress centre, the square represents the centre of the modern Ljubljana and the political centre of Slovenia. The last few decades of Slovenian architecture have mainly been marked by the work of a number of renowned Slovenian "New Wave" architects.

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